3D Printer HardwareConstruction 3D Printing

Putzmeister and ZÜBLIN 3D print supporting walls for STRABAG warehouse

Further development of 3D concrete printing provides outlook for scalability of the technology

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Layer by layer, the new STRABAG BMTI (STRABAG Baumaschinentechnik International) warehouse in Stuttgart’s Weilimdorf district is growing upwards. Together with Putzmeister and its KARLOS mobile concrete printer, ZÜBLIN has developed an innovative construction method that is unique in the world. As part of their long-standing collaboration, the two companies are pooling their innovative strength to take 3D concrete printing to a new level. Their research aims to offer customers an even more flexible and sustainable printing process in the future.

3D concrete printing to the next level

The new technology is based on a truck-mounted concrete pump. An automatically controlled boom with a reach of 26 meters applies concrete in several layers using a special pressure head based on a predefined digital construction plan. In this way, storey-high, supporting concrete walls are produced that are room-sealing, i.e. prevent the spread of flames and smoke in the event of a fire.

The main challenge of 3D concrete printing to date has been the lack of scalability of the technology for large-scale projects. Until now, printing has primarily been carried out using so-called gantry printers, which are limited to the production of smaller buildings. Compared to other concrete printing processes, KARLOS has greater flexibility and range as a mobile construction machine and therefore also offers the potential for scalability for large-scale projects.

Putzmeister and ZÜBLIN 3D print supporting walls for STRABAG warehouse providing outlook for scalability of the technology

CO2-reduced concretes

The economic and ecological advantages of the method include the complete elimination of formwork, the production of solid wall cross-sections in a single operation and the use of CO2-reduced concrete. By using only green electricity for the all-electric machine and CO2-reduced concretes, ZÜBLIN and Putzmeister are making an important contribution to making building construction more sustainable in the long term.

“On our way to realizing resource-saving and climate-neutral planning and construction, ZÜBLIN developed a highly innovative 3D printing process together with Putzmeister. As a construction group, we are contributing our expertise in the digital planning of building structures and concrete technology in particular to this pioneering innovation,” explained ZÜBLIN board member Stephan Keinath.

Putzmeister CEO Christoph Kaml sees KARLOS as a central element of the company’s strategy: “A high degree of electrification and automation is required along the entire work process. The reduction of manual labor is a decisive factor in dealing with the increasing shortage of skilled workers. As a digital technology of the future, KARLOS is a central building block on the road to the construction of tomorrow,” Kaml stated.

Putzmeister and ZÜBLIN 3D print supporting walls for STRABAG warehouse providing outlook for scalability of the technology

3D printing as a driver of productivity

Additive manufacturing methods, in particular 3D printing, have become an integral part of industries such as mechanical engineering, automotive and aerospace. Now they are also increasingly conquering construction sites. The combination of production steps from the digital planning of the BIM model (Building Information Modelling) through to the realization using 3D printers is revolutionizing construction processes. Work processes are significantly streamlined and accelerated through automation.

As ground-breaking as the technology of 3D printing is, the human factor remains crucial for the successful realisation of construction projects. We are therefore also countering the massive shortage of skilled labour with the use of modern technologies. This not only increases productivity but above all also enthusiasm for an exciting and promising construction profession with a bright future.

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