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DNV publishes new edition of DNV-ST-B203 standard

For of additive manufacturing of metallic parts (including metal binder jetting)

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DNV GL, one of the leading standard developers with a focus on additive manufacturing, has published the new edition of the DNV-ST-B203 standard for additive manufacturing of metallic parts. The standard, which is the result of a joint industry project, now includes baseline requirements for the most established additive manufacturing (AM) technologies for metal parts and welcomes new concepts for quality assurance for the coming era of data-driven manufacturing.

Additive manufacturing (AM) offers not only another manufacturing technique, with new and unique design boundaries but also a potential solution to supply chain challenges, reducing lead time and cost by enabling local manufacturing in a global market. AM is an enabler for storing spare parts digitally on a server and shipping them over the internet – rather than in large warehouses with demanding logistical systems.

DNV publishes new edition of DNV-ST-B203 standard for of additive manufacturing of metallic parts (including metal binder jetting) Additive manufacturing offers a way of reducing waste of materials from excessive machining operations. The digital nature of additive manufacturing also enables new ways of ensuring quality control, by monitoring through sensors and logging of production trends – which in turn may lead to increased confidence in a part’s quality. One of the basic assumptions for achieving these objectives are standardized levels of qualityexplained Lucy Craig, Director, Growth, Innovation & Digitalization, Energy Systems at DNV.

The new edition of the DNV-ST-B203 standard includes qualification- and production requirements for three new AM technologies, in addition to the two technologies covered in the first edition. The new edition includes provisions for the most established metal AM technologies:

    • Directed energy deposition using electric arc, and laser beam (DED-arc and DED-LB)
    • Powder bed fusion using laser beam and electron beam (PBF-LB and PBF-EB)
    • Binder Jetting (BJT)

Additionally, the DNV-ST-B203 standard now includes all requirements for the qualification of combined manufacturing methods, such as AM features on substrate shapes, and defined acceptance criteria for non-destructive testing. The standard also includes new guidance for the definition of part families, which may extend the validity of qualifications; new guidance has also been added on the choice of criticality classes (AMC), which may help end-users to choose the right level of quality assurance for the given application. New guidance has now also been included on unconventional inspection techniques and in-process monitoring, which may help manufacturers improve efficiency and quality and unlock the design freedom of additive manufacturing.

New DNV-ST-B203 standard for additive manufacturing of metallic parts (including metal binder jetting) published by DNV GL
A large energy part 3D printed using the EBM process. With EBM even large, thick parts such as this drill component are less likely to crack

The standard was the first internationally accepted framework for producing and using high-quality additively manufactured metal parts for the oil & gas, maritime and energy industries. It introduced approaches to managing the quality of additively manufactured metal parts, with each approach adapted based on the criticality of a part’s function.

Stian Gurrik, Project Manager ProGRAM JIP phase 3, Technology Centre Oslo, Energy Systems at DNV

The new edition was made in a joint industry project (JIP) run by DNV’s Technology Centre Oslo. The JIP is called ProGRAM JIP phase 2 and was developed by running practical case studies in parallel to the development of the standard. ProGRAM JIP phase 2 included companies representing end-users, contractors and equipment manufacturers, part manufacturers, AM machine providers and suppliers of material feedstock.

“The learnings from the case studies helped the project to identify important activities in the qualification and production setting. In addition to assisting the work on the development of the standard, the project was able to create parts that could be put into service. And by comparing the resource consumption from part repair with that of conventional part replacement, the project showed that there could be a significant environmental benefit from enabling the repair of worn parts with additive manufacturing. The work also continues in ProGRAM JIP phase 3, which started in June 2022 and will run into 2024,” said Stian Gurrik, Project Manager ProGRAM JIP phase 3, Technology Centre Oslo, Energy Systems at DNV.

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